Choose a puppy is not always easy. Indeed, all dogs as adults do not have the same needs, the same character, or just the same physique. It is therefore important to make a good choice, first of
Basic criteria before adopting a puppy
Before deciding which puppy to choose, it is important to visit the farm or the person giving you the animal, to check that certain basic criteria are respected:
- the puppy must be at least eight weeks old, the legal age from which it will be considered completely weaned, ie independent. He will no longer need his mother, and will be ready to live his life. If, on the other hand, the puppy is too young, it is better to be patient and leave it with his mother for as long as it takes. A dog removed too early from his mother can, as an adult, develop behavioral problems.
- the puppy will have to be identified. There are two possible methods of identification: the tattoo or the microchip. The most common nowadays will be microchip identification, but tattooing remains a legal method.
- the puppy, from the age of eight weeks, can receive his first vaccines. The person giving you the puppy is not obliged to have them done himself, but it will be necessary to keep you informed of their implementation to, if necessary, make an appointment with a veterinarian as soon as possible at the time of adoption of the dog to have them done.
Things to check before moving to puppy adoption
As said above, we do not choose a puppy on a whim. There are several things to check before adoption, if only to make sure that you are the master of the dog, that you can really take it, but also that it is in good condition. health.
The state of health of the puppy
Check the health of the puppy before adopting it is something very important. If it can be cruel to say that you are not going to adopt a puppy because he has certain health problems, this check is especially necessary to ensure that as a master, we will have the means to take care of the dog, even if he has health problems. There will be some points to check:
- movement: the dog should be able to move without problems. If, at the age of two weeks, it is normal for a puppy to stagger, he is supposed to be able to move safely at the age of three months. Watch him move to make sure he does not limp.
- the state of the truffle: a healthy puppy must have a truffle slightly wet and cool, without sinking.
- the state of the eyes: the eyes of a healthy puppy must not sink, nor contain crusts, pus or redness.
- the condition of the ears: the ears must be clean, do not contain black spots (sign of ear scab, common on farms), or crusts or unpleasant odors.
- the condition of the skin and coat: the skin of the puppy must be clean, do not contain crusts or parasites, dandruff or pimples. The hair should be shiny.
- the senses (hearing and sight): finally, it will be necessary to verify that the dog hears and sees well. Try to call or tap your hands to see if he reacts, and shake a toy or candy in front of him to make sure he’s watching.
The character of the puppy
There are generally “types” of characters in dogs: dominant and dominated. Dominant dogs will often need a master capable of showing more authority than a dominated dog. Fortunately it is quite easy to spot the future temperament of a puppy, using two exercises:
- the submission test: grab the puppy by the nape of the neck (without hurting him). He will struggle for a few seconds, then, depending on his character, will react in two different ways; either the puppy is a dominant future, in which case it will struggle and try to nibble your hand to make you let go, or it is a dominated, and in this case it will be quickly let, waiting for you to let go of yourself.
- the game test: simply stand in the middle of the scope with a toy, and encourage everyone to play with you. Dominants will recognize themselves quickly, they will try to position themselves in the foreground, pushing others and preventing them from playing. The dominated meanwhile, will be left by the dominant and will stand more away.
To know which breed of dog to choose
It is much more important than one might think to think about the breed that one wants to adopt, because even if a Malinois for example is small and cute when it is young, it is obvious that as an adult, he will be totally unsuited to living in an apartment.
Take time to learn about the size, but also the temperament of a dog breed, because not all breeds are suitable for all lifestyles, even if you are the most devoted master in the world.